"By the side of those religious men I discern others whose thoughts are turned to the earth rather than to heaven. These are the partisans of liberty, not only as the source of the noblest virtues, but more especially as the root of all solid advantages; and they sincerely desire to secure its authority, and to impart its blessings to mankind. It is natural that they should hasten to invoke the assistance of religion, for they must know that liberty cannot be established without morality, nor morality without faith."
B) Thomas Payne
C) Ben Franklin
D) Alexis de Tocqueville
E) George Washington
Keep reading for the answer.
I had to move out of my apartment after only a few months, and the apartment complex is telling me I owe them rent and a reletting fee for not providing enough notice. Since moving in there was a water leak. We had to turn off the water at the wall and the toilet and had a leaky moldy toilet for a couple days before the landlord fixed it. We had other problems such as the electricity going out, trouble with the locks, and bugs. This is why I moved out. Do I still have to pay considering it's their fault I moved out?
Selling my house, buyer backed out after his option period and wants his earnest money back. Do I have to give it back?
I'm selling my house, and I had a buyer. We signed the contract, did the inspections and all the usual stuff, and made it through the option period. I thought this was a done deal, but he just backed out and is demanding his earnest money back. Do I (or the escrow agent) have to give it back or not? Keep reading for the answer.
This might sound unlikely, but it does come up. What can a couple do if they have already finalized their divorce, and they decide they made a mistake? Can they remain married? Can they annul the divorce? Keep reading to find out.
Drunk driver, Heyden, got a loaner car from Defendant, Allways Auto Group. Heyden testified he was drunk when he went in to get the loaner car. Defendant testified that Heyden showed no signs of being drunk.
18 days after receiving the loaner car, Heyden got drunk (again) on whiskey, got into the loaner car, and crashed into Plaintiff, Walters. Walters sued Defendant Allways for negligent entrustment. The basic argument being that Allways was negligent in giving Heyden a vehicle to drive when he was obviously drunk. That is, giving a drunk man a car and putting him on the road is negligent (i.e. stupid), and the Defendant is responsible for the damage resulting from Heyden's driving. Defendant should have known that the drunk they were giving a car might crash the car damaging property or causing injury or death. This is similar in reasoning to dram shop and other theories of liability.
Defendant filed a motion for summary judgement against Plaintiff Heyden which the trial court granted. Heyden appealed and won with the appellate court determining there were fact issues regarding proximate cause. Defendant appealed to SCOTUS. To find out what happened at SCOTUS keep reading.
My child's dad hasn't been around for years and he's behind on child support. The State is taking him to court to enforce the support arrearage, but how do I report to the court that he hasn't even visited his child for years?
After a somewhat quiet August on Capital Hill, there's been recent activity related to the old 2017 HPA and the more recent SHUSH Act.
First, the SHUSH Act has more cosponsors in the House and Senate with H.R. 3179 coming in at 18 cosponsors and S. 1505 at 8. The Senate version appears stuck in the Finance Committee while the House version has been in the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations since July 24th.
Although the SHUSH Act is thought by many to have supplanted the 2017 HPA, the Hearing Protection Act has gained a few new supporters expanding from 158 cosponsors in July to 165 today. As mentioned before, the 2017 HPA is languishing in the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations where it has been since February.
H.R. 367 now has 158 cosponsors, up from 127 in March. Among those cosponsors, the number of Democrat cosponsors has doubled. That's right. There are now FOUR Democrat cosponsors. Talk about bipartisan support, right? Other than this, the Bill is still languishing in committee, and there's been no action on the Senate version, S. 59.
However, a new Bill known as the SHUSH Act is moving through the House and Senate. This Bill would go even further than the Hearing Protection Act. You can read more about the SHUSH Act here.
There is already proposed legislation known as the Hearing Protection Act of 2017 which would remove the legal requirement of obtaining a tax stamp to purchase firearms silencers along with other application requirements. But the SHUSH Act would go further, removing silencers from National Firearms Act (NFA) requirements altogether.
If the SHUSH Act (H.R. 3139 and S. 1505) becomes law, firearms silencers would be classified as firearms accessories, eliminating the need for a even a background check or FFL licensee transfer. In other words, silencers could be bought and sold over the counter or mail-order just like anything else.
Since their introduction in the House and Senate on June 29th, there hasn't been much activity on the Bills. H.R. 3139, with 8 cosponsors, is in the Ways and Means and Judiciary Committees. S. 1505, with its 1 cosponsor, has been referred to the Finance Committee.
Check back or sign up for updates.
When we last updated you on Texas' Article V Convention of the States legislation, SB 21 calling for anicle V Convention of States had been sent to the Texas House, and an identical companion bill HB 506 was scheduled for public hearing Thursday, April 13th.
Last week, the House joined the Senate in passing Article V legislation making Texas, the 11th state to call for an Article V Convention. Texas joins Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and Tennessee.
10 additional states have passed Article V legislation through one chamber, and Article V legislation has been introduced in 22 other states. It takes 34 states to trigger an Article V Convention of States. 11 have passed the resolution, 10 more have passed through one chamber, and 22 more have active legislation under consideration.
SB 21 calling for an Article V Convention of States was sent to the Texas House in March and was read and referred to the Select Committee on State & Federal Power & Responsibility today. The identical companion bill HB 506 is scheduled for public hearing this Thursday April 13th.
In gun law, a Bill is being considered that would eliminate the licensing requirement for the carrying of handguns in the state. HB 375 is pending in the Homeland Security & Public Safety Committee since March 28th.
In immigration law, SB 23 would require all Texas employers to use the e-verify system to ensure the workers they hire are legally authorized to work in the United States. SB 280 would empower Texas law enforcement officers to arrest illegal immigrants.
We've just learned that President Trump's political strategist, Steve Bannon, is out, and apparently, former Texas Governor Rick Perry will be taking his place on the President's National Security Council. Yehaw?
More information from Dallas Morning News.
Generally, defamation occurs when a person's reputation or good name is damaged in some way by another person's false statement. This statement can be printed in some manner (libel) or made orally (slander). Slander of title and business disparagement are two similar offenses that would typically occur in a different context related to property or business interests.
Current defamation law is the result of old common-law rules and more recent statutory provisions and First Amendment protections. The elements, or requirements, for a defamation claim depend on variables such as whether the parties are private persons or public entities, members of the press, whether the statement was written or oral, or whether the statement relates to something the public would have a need or a right to know.
Generally, in a defamation case we would look for a defendant who made a defamatory and false statement of fact about the plaintiff that caused the plaintiff a pecuniary injury. In other words, defamation typically occurred if 1) a person made a statement of fact, 2) about the plaintiff, that 3) was defamatory, and 4) false, and 5) caused the plaintiff injury. Regarding the false statement, it can be necessary to consider whether the defendant knew the statement was false or should have known the statement was false. In some instances, it might not matter whether the defendant knew or should have known the statement was false. Injury may also be presumed depending on the circumstances.
There is much more to consider: every defamation lawsuit is different. If you think you may be a victim of defamation, this can be a starting point. It is important to act quickly, however. In Texas, any lawsuit for defamation must be made within one year of the offense. If a victim waits too long, he or she will be barred, or prevented, from ever bringing the lawsuit. The good news for the potential plaintiff is that, according to current case law, each time a defamatory statement is brought to the attention of a third person, a new publication has occurred, and each publication becomes a separate action. Renfro Drug Co. v. Lawson, 160 S.W.2d 246, 251 (Tex.1942). This means, even if the original defamatory statement was made more than a year ago, while it's too late to sue for that publication, any republication of that statement is a new offense that can be grounds for a defamation lawsuit.
Since the last post, H.R. 367 has gained 19 additional cosponsors bringing the current total to 127. Of those 127, only 2 are Democrats (and both are from Texas) the most recent being Rep. Henry Cuellar. The Bill is still stuck in the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations, and there's been no action on the companion Senate Bill S. 59.
For previous posts and information, click here.
Those interested in supporting the HPA of 2017 can do so here.
The Texas Senate has just voted to adopt Senate Joint Resolution (SJR 2) calling for an Article V Convention of States to consider certain amendments to the United States Constitution. Shortly before the vote on SJR 2, the Texas Senate voted to adopt Senate Bill 21 (SB 21) which provides for the qualifications of Texas delegates and other guidelines in the event of an Article V Convention.
Texas is calling for an Article V Convention to impose fiscal restraints on the national government, limit the power and jurisdiction of the national government, and limit the terms of office of national officials and members of Congress. Another Article V Convention calling for a balanced budget amendment has already been passed by 28 states, 6 states away from the number needed to require the U.S. Congress to call an Article V Convention.
The texts of SB 21 and SJR 2, without amendments, are provided below. More information can be found on the Texas Legislature's website.
UPDATE: THE ENGROSSED VERSIONS (with amendments) OF SB 21 AND SJR 2 ARE INCLUDED BELOW.
Tomorrow, the Texas Senate is expected to vote on Senate Joint Resolution 2 (SJR 2) calling for a convention of states under Article V of the U.S. Constitution. The purpose of the Article V Convention would be to impose fiscal restraints on the national government, limit the power and jurisdiction of the national government, and limit the terms of office of national officials and members of Congress.
It's interesting to note that while the national government continues to spend beyond its means, 45 states have balanced budget requirements. States balance their budgets. We're expected to balance our budgets. Why should the national government, with all its power and responsibility, be free to act so irresponsibly?
The identical companion Bill, HJR 39, has gone nowhere since it was filed December, 06, 2016.
My wife made criminal accusations against me and filed for a divorce and TRO. The TRO affidavits were based on those criminal charges. Two years later, those criminal charges have been dismissed. How do I get the TRO dropped? Keep reading for more.
We were purchasing a home from a friend with owner financing. We were working on a contract, and the seller gave us all these details about the contract for purchasing this home. We have a few receipts with our names, date, amount, and saying, for purchase of house on [#### xxxx Rd., TX,] and the seller's signature. Now, the seller is trying to back out and deny the sale ever happened. If we took this to civil court, would the receipts help us? Keep reading for the answer.
I'm unmarried, and we have no contact with the child's father or his family. Is it necessary to terminate his parental rights? Read more for the answer.
There is now a Senate version of the Hearing Protection Act of 2017, S. 59. Anyone who has ever watched Schoolhouse Rock understands this is an important step in the process. S. 59 currently has 7 cosponsors and has been sitting in the Finance Committee since its introduction. Second, the House version, H.R. 367, has gained 23 more cosponsors with a current total of 97 and has been referred to the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations.
In related news, Ronald B. Turk, associate deputy director and chief operating officer of the ATF, recently called for removing restrictions on the sale of gun silencers and for initiating a study on lifting the ban on imported assault weapons. Source.
Since the last post, The Hearing Protection Act of 2017, H.R. 367, has gained 6 additional cosponsors, bringing the total to 74. Text of H.R. 367 is available below. There is still no Senate version of the Bill.
The Hearing Protection Act is dead? Long live the Hearing Protection Act?
A new Hearing Protection Act has been introduced in the United States House of Representatives. 9 days after its introduction, H.R. 367 has 68 cosponsors and has been referred to the Judiciary and the Ways and Means committees. The purpose of H.R. 367 is "to provide that silencers be treated the same as long guns". Text of the H.R. 367 is not available at the time of this posting. There is no Senate version of the Bill.
The Hearing Protection act of 2015, H.R. 3799 of the 114th Congress, has 82 cosponsors and has been languishing in the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations since November 23 of 2015.
We will keep you updated.
NOT LEGAL ADVICE.
For informational and educational purposes only.
Nothing on this website is legal advice. The information on this site is general in nature and might not apply to your individual situation.